Cookies: what they are and how they work
Customize certain settings such as: the language in which the site is viewed, the date and time, keeping options / settings (including storing them) and keeping older preferences by accessing various buttons / functions.
Cookies provide site owners with valuable feedback on how their sites are used by users, so that they can make them more efficient or more accessible to users.
Allow multimedia or other applications on other sites to be embedded in certain pages to create a more valuable, useful, and enjoyable browsing experience.
What is a “cookie”?
An “Internet Cookie” (also known as a “browser cookie” or “HTTP cookie” or simply “cookie”) is a small file that contains letters and numbers and will be stored on your computer, mobile terminal or other equipment of a user from whom he accessed a site. The cookie is sent through a request issued by the web server on which the site is hosted to the user’s browser (Ex: Firefox, Internet Explorer, Chrome, etc.) and is completely “passive”, ie does not contain programs software, viruses or spyware and cannot even access the information on the user’s hard drive. A cookie consists of 2 parts: the name and content or value of the cookie and is uniquely associated with the domain that hosts the site that sent it to the user’s browser (eg: http://drdelbani.ro/). Moreover, the duration of a cookie is determined and only the web server that sent the cookie can access it again, and only when the user returns to the site associated with that web server. Cookies will not require personal information to be used, nor will they personally identify Internet users. There are two main categories of cookies:
Session cookies – these are temporarily stored in the web browser’s cookie folder until the user leaves the site or closes the browser window.
Persistent cookies – these are stored on your computer or hard drive for a longer period of time and remain stored even after you leave the site or close your web browser (and generally depend on the default lifetime for the cookie).
Persistent cookies also include those placed by a website other than the one the user is currently visiting – known as “third party cookies” – which can be used anonymously. to memorize a user’s interests so that the most relevant advertising is delivered to that user.
The advantages of cookies
A cookie contains information that links a browser (user) to a specific web server (site). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many sites to provide comfortable services to users. Examples – online privacy preferences, site language options or relevant advertising, etc.
The lifespan of a cookie
Cookies are managed by web servers. The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (“session cookies”) and are not retained after the user leaves the site, while other cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that site ( “Permanent cookies”). However, cookies can be deleted by the user at any time via browser settings.
Cookies placed by third parties
Certain sections of content on some sites may be provided through third parties / providers (eg news box, video or advertisement). These third parties may also place cookies through the site and they are called “third party cookies” because they are not placed by that site. Third party providers must also comply with the law in force and the privacy policies of the site owner.
Visiting this site may place cookies for the following purposes:
Site performance cookies
Visitor analysis cookies
Registration or authentication cookies
Third party cookies
Performance cookies This type of cookie will retain the user’s preferences on this site, so there is no need to set them each time you visit the site. Visitor Analysis Cookies Each time a user visits this site, the analytics software provided by a third party generates a user analysis cookie. This cookie will let us know if you have visited this site before. The browser checks if this cookie exists, and if not, one is generated. This allows monitoring of unique users who visit the site and how often they do so. This cookie cannot be used to identify individuals, they are only used for statistical purposes. Cookies for registration or authentication When you register or log in to this site, a cookie will be generated to let us know if you are registered or not. Our server uses these cookies to identify the account you are registered with and whether you have the necessary permissions for a particular service or access to certain sections of the site. It will also allow you to associate the comments you post on the site with the username of your account. If you have not selected “keep me logged in”, this cookie will be automatically deleted when you close your browser or computer. Third-party cookies On some pages, third parties may set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an ad / application or to customize an application. Due to usage, this site cannot access these cookies, just as third parties cannot access the cookies held by this site.
Third party online advertising
Some of them use their own anonymous cookies to analyze how many people have viewed an ad, or to see how many people have repeatedly viewed a particular ad. The companies that generate these cookies have their own privacy policies, and this site does not have access to these cookies. Third-party cookies are used to show you targeted advertising on other sites as well, based on your browsing of this site and, by default, your preferences.
The type of information stored and accessed through cookies
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a site to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that enhances your Internet browsing experience. Ex: settings regarding the language in which you want to access a site, keeping a user logged in to the member account or email account, online security, keeping and saving some settings, etc.
The importance of cookies for the Internet
Cookies are the focal point of the efficient operation of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience, adapted to the preferences and interests of each user. Declining or disabling cookies may make some sites impossible to use. Refusing or disabling cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online advertising, but only that it will no longer be able to take into account your preferences and interests highlighted by your previous browsing behavior. Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require a user to authenticate to a specific account):
Content and services tailored to user preferences – categories of news, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.
Offers adapted to users’ interests – password retention, language preferences (Ex: displaying search results in Romanian).
Retention of child protection filters on Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions).
Limit the frequency of ad serving – Limit the number of impressions of an ad for a specific user on a site.
Providing user-relevant advertising.
Measurement, optimization and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a site, what type of content is viewed more and how a user gets to the site (eg through search engines, directly from other sites). uri etc). Sites conduct these analyzes of their use to improve the sites for the benefit of the user.
Security and privacy issues
Cookies should NOT be confused with viruses! They use a plain text format. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed or auto-run. As a result, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or replicate again. As they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses. However, cookies can be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a specific site and on multiple sites, cookies can be used as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies to be deleted during anti-virus / anti-spyware deletion / scanning procedures. In general, browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Other security issues related to cookies.
Given that identity protection is very important and represents the right of every internet user, it is advisable to know what are the possible problems that may arise in connection with cookies. As information is constantly transmitted between them in both directions between the browser and the site, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the transmission of data, the information contained in the cookie may be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (Ex: an unsecured Wi-Fi network). Other cookie-based attacks involve incorrect cookie settings on servers. If a site does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information in order to gain unauthorized access to certain sites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting your personal information.
Tips for safe and responsible browsing based on cookies.
Customize your browser settings for cookies to establish a comfortable level of security.
If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiration dates for storing your browsing history and personal access data.
If you share access to your computer, you may want to consider setting your browser to clear individual browsing data each time you close your browser. navigation.
Install and constantly update your antispyware applications.
Many of the applications for detecting and preventing spyware include detecting attacks on sites. This prevents the browser from accessing sites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download malicious software. Make sure your browser is always up to date. Many cookie-based attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of older versions of browsers. Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest sites on the Internet, local or international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can surf the internet with confidence.
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain sites impractical or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive or see online advertising. You can make settings in the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted or you can set the browser to accept cookies only from a specific site. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments. All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in your browser’s “Options” or “Preferences” menu, or you can use your browser’s “Help” option for more details. To understand these settings, the following links may be useful, otherwise you can use the browser’s “help” option for more details. Cookie settings in Internet ExplorerCookie settings in FirefoxCookie settings in ChromeCookie settings in Safari